What is patience?

There are several types of Sabr (patience), one for avoiding the prohibitions and sins, one for acts of worship and obedience. The second type carries more rewards than the first type. There is a third type of patience in the face of afflictions and hardships, which is mandatory, like repentance.

Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said: ” Sabr has two parts: patience for the sake of Allah concerning what He is pleased with (i.e. acts of worship and obedience). Even if it is hard on the heart and the body, and patience when avoiding what He dislikes, even if it is desired. Those who acquire these qualities will be among the patient persons whom Allah shall greet (when they meet him in the Hereafter; refer to surah al-ahzab 33:44)

Allah is with the patient. It is stated in the Quran in 2:153 Allah says:

” O you wo believe! Seek help in patience and As-Salah. Truly Allah is with the As-Sabirun”.

In another Ayat 2:45 Allah says:

” And seek help in patience and As-Salah (the prayer) and truly, it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khasi`in (i.e. the true believers of Allah)

The believer that is patient with an affliction gains a reward. Allah says in ayat 2:155-157

“And we shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient). Who when afflicted with a calamity, say “truly to Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return”. They are those whom are the Salawat (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) recieve His mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones.

May Allah make us amongst His pious worshippers, keep us steadfast on the deen and give us lots of patience so that we can go through all the ups and downs in life. Allah humein is par amal karne ki tawfiq ata farmayein. Ameen summa ameen.

-Taken out of Tafsir Ibn Kathir-

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